Reading Science: Peer Review – Part 4 in a Series

Peer Review By nature journals are very conservative, and work very hard to exclude incompetent, poorly carried out or documented, or fraudulent science. They also work to evaluate the methods used in papers submitted for consideration, all this is the process of peer review. They critically, or are supposed to, read any conclusions and discussion in the [...]

Where science is published and how to find it – Part 3 in a Series

To understand how to find and consume science, particularly on the topic of medicine, one has to understand how it is produced and published, and some of its past. Science has not always existed, nor has medicine as we know it. In the relatively short time that the ideas of the Enlightenment have prevailed in [...]

What is Science? – Part 2 of a Series

Before we start reading scientific papers we should all agree what science is. We all know what science is, right? So what is it? From the Oxford English Dictionary (Shorter) "Theoretical perception of a truth, as contrasted with moral conviction (conscience)." Sounds a little loose a definition for my purposes, and like it is a derivation [...]

What is corruption?

When I still lived in the US and Sani Abacha was the suddenly the dead ex-president of Nigeria, and it was therefore discovered he had looted billions from the Nigerian treasury, some of my friends in the US were aghast at the scale of his corruption. Apparently they did not read much international news, or [...]